Timber Species

At Evostyle, we are committed to using the best sustainable timber species that is also economical and beautiful. Although we work with some Australian timbers, we have now begun to use American hardwoods extensively. 
Most timber species that are recommended for fine joinery, comes from the USA. This is because of their sustainable practices, as well as the large variety of species available with beautiful colours, grains and textures. The USA has more temperate hardwood species than any other region in the world. 
Most of the timber is sourced from private properties and harvested in small pockets. Due to a greater understanding and public desire to conserve forests globally, the last 80 years has demonstrated improved forest management. This has been achieved by state and federal regulations following extensive research on U.S. hardwood forest management. You can read more information and view reports on this from the American Hardwood Export Council – www.americanhardwood.org. However it is important to note that even though the U.S. has increased exports in recent years, through careful management of its forests, the U.S. is growing more hardwood each year than it harvests, ensuring reliable and long term supplies. (For example, the net volume of hardwood growing stock in the USA has increased from 184,000 million cubic feet in 1953 to 400,000 million cubic feet in 2007.)


american ash

  • Similar in appearance to European Ash
  • The sapwood is light coloured to nearly white in appearance
  • The heartwood varies from greyish brown to light brown, to pale yellow streaked with brown
  • The wood is generally straight grained with a course uniform texture

american white oak

  • Similar in colour and appearance to European Oak
  • Sapwood is light coloured
  • The heartwood is light to dark brown
  • The wood is usually straight grained with a medium to coarse texture
  • White Oak has more figure than Red Oak

american walnut

  • The sapwood is creamy white, sometimes a caramel colour
  • The heartwood varies from light to dark chocolate brown, occasionally with a purplish cast and darker streaks.
  • The wood is generally straight grained, but sometimes with wavy or curly grain that produces an attractive and decorative decorative figure
  • The dark heartwood will lighten in colour as it ages over time with exposure to UV light

american cherry

  • The heartwood of American cherry varies from rich red to reddish brown, and will darken on exposure to light
  • The sapwood is creamy white
  • The wood has a fine uniform straight grain, smooth texture, and may naturally contain brown pith flecks and small gum pockets

rock maple (hard maple)

  • The sapwood is creamy white with a slight reddish brown tinge
  • The heartwood varies from light to dark reddish brown
  • Both sapwood and heartwood can contain pith fleck
  • The wood has a close fine texture and is generally straight grained, but it can also occur as “curly”, “fiddleback” and “birdseye” figures

tasmanian oak (victorian ash)

  • It is the largest of the eucalypts
  • The heartwood can be either pale pink or pale straw
  • The sapwood is not always clearly differentiated
  • The texture is rather coarse
  • The grain is straight
  • Growth rings are noticeable 
  • Gum veins are common


  • The heartwood is pale brown with occasionally a pinkish tinge
  • Sapwood is distinctively paler
  • The texture is medium and even
  • The grain is usually straight, but can be interlocked 
  • Gum veins are common

spotted gum

  • The heartwood is pale to dark brown
  • The sapwood is distinctively paler
  • The texture is moderately coarse
  • The grain is variable
  • The frequent presence of wavy grain produces an attractive fiddleback texture
  • Slightly greasy nature
  • Gum veins are common
  • Shrinkage is moderate

australian chestnut

  • Heartwood colour caries from pink to blonde with lots of grain
  • Characterised by subtle colour variations from mellow straw brown to
    light chocolates
  • A blend of species predominantly Eucalyptus obliqua, Eucalyptus sieberi & Eucalyptus fastigata
  • Also known as Southern Blackbutt, Chestnut.


  • Tulipwood has less strong grain characteristic than species such as ash and oak, and is more like maple in character but darker in colour
  • Straight-grained with a medium to fine texture.
  • There is a marked difference between the sapwood and heartwood of tulipwood. The sapwood is creamy white whereas the heartwood can vary from pale yellow or brown and even green to purple in extreme cases. The wood darkens with time on exposure to UV light and the green colour will turn brown.